Tympanostomy Tube – Grommed – OP. DR. CENK TEKER





    Tympanostomy Tube – Grommed

    The tympanostomy tube eliminates the collapse caused by the fluid accumulated in the middle ear on the eardrum and hearing problems caused by the collapse.

    What is Tympanostomy Tube?

    The function of the middle ear is to transmit vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear through the auditory ossicles. The Eustachian tube, which performs the task of balancing the ventilation of the middle ear and the pressure between it and the outer ear, is located in the cavity of the middle ear and the nasal cavity. When the Eustachian tube cannot perform its task for various reasons, the pressure cannot be stabilised, and negative pressure occurs. The fluid in the Eustachian tube, which should flow into the nasal cavity, begins to accumulate, and this accumulated fluid eventually causes a collapse in the eardrum.

    This problem, which occurs for various reasons, can cause hearing loss and inflammation of the middle ear if left untreated.

    It is necessary to insert an ear tube into the eardrum to prevent pressure loss and fluid accumulation in the middle ear and ensure ventilation of the middle ear.

    How does hearing loss occur?

    The fluid that accumulates in the middle ear collects, and this fluid darkens in consistency over time, causing a collapse in the eardrum. As this condition progresses, it causes hearing loss to occur in the ear.

    Why is the Tympanostomy Tube inserted?

    A tympanostomy tube is inserted to prevent pressure imbalance and fluid accumulation that cannot be treated with medical treatments and ensure ventilation of the middle ear.

    The ear tube can be produced in various types and from different substances.

    How is Tympanostomy Tube surgery performed?

    Tympanostomy tube surgery is a straightforward operation lasting 15 – 20 minutes. The accumulated fluid is removed through a micro-scale hole that opens into the eardrum with a microscope. The ventilation tube is then placed in this hole to prevent fluid accumulation.  With general or local anaesthesia, tympanostomy tube surgery (Grommed) can be performed.

    After tympanostomy tube surgery

    Immediately after the operation, the problems experienced due to fluid accumulation in the ear disappear. Pain is not shared due to surgery. If water is in contact with the ear after the tube is inserted, water should be prevented from entering the ear by using earplugs or vaseline cotton.

    When is the tympanostomy tube removed?

    The tympanostomy tube falls out of the place where it is inserted, and the opened hole also closes by itself. In cases where it does not fall off by itself, it remains in the ear for no more than 6-18 months, and then it must be removed by the doctor. It is necessary to periodically go to your doctor’s control to monitor the ear tube.

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